Pyrrole alkaloids and ergosterols from Grifola frondosa exert anti-α-glucosidase and anti-proliferative activities

Previously, polysaccharides with hypoglycemic effects from G. frondosa were reported by us. To explore compounds against α-glucosidase and human tumor cells, three extractive fractions (GF-1–GF-3) were prepared from G. frondosa ethanol extraction (GF) by chromatographic column. Rather than GF-1 and GF-2, the fraction GF-3 demonstrated inhibitory actions against α-glucosidase and proliferation of human tumor cells dominantly. To identify the bioactive compounds in GF-3, one new compound named pyrrolefronine together with 19 known ones, which included seven pyrrole alkaloids, nine ergosterols and three others, were isolated and characterized from GF-3. Significantly, pyrrole alkaloids were found in G. frondosa for the first time, showing potent inhibition against α-glucosidase. Obtained ergosterols displayed inhibition against proliferation of tumor cells. This study provides a basis for further development and utilization of G. frondosa as natural nutraceuticals and functional food ingredients.
Chen, S., Yong, T., Xiao, C., Su, J., Zhang, Y., Jiao, C., & Xie, Y. (2018). Pyrrole alkaloids and ergosterols from Grifola frondosa exert anti-α-glucosidase and anti-proliferative activities. Journal of Functional Foods, 43, 196-205. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jff.2018.02.007