The current short article reviews the role of mushroom biomass, rich in ß-glucans. enzymes, germanium and secondary metabolites, the interaction with the human gut microbiota and the prevention or treatment of various metabolic syndrome-linked diseases. The focus is on the mushroom ß-glucans compared to the other soluble and fermentable dietary fibers, their unique effects on nutrition, human microbiota, health and disease, specifying the significantly differing physicochemical properties depending on the source and type of mushroom or dietary supplement. An overview of definitions and types of fiber, a brief examination of health benefits associated with ß-glucans from mushroom biomass, its possible mechanisms of action, and its potential dietary supplement applications are provided. Despite promising evidence of mushroom biomass on health much research still remains to be done.
J, F., et al. (2017). “Impact of Mushroom Nutrition on Microbiota and Potential for Preventative Health.” Journal of Food and Nutrition Research 5(4): 226-233.